Primary aluminium is aluminium tapped from electrolytic cells or pots during the electrolytic reduction of metallurgical alumina (aluminium oxide). It thus excludes alloying additives and recycled aluminium.
Primary aluminium production is defined as the quantity of primary aluminium produced in a defined period. It is the quantity of molten or liquid metal tapped from the pots and that is weighed before transfer to a holding furnace or before further processing.
Source of Data
The data included in this IAI Statistical Report have been derived from voluntary reports of IAI Member companies, non-Members and the China Nonferrous Industry Association. It also includes estimates of unreported production, providing a figure as close as possible to total global, annual production. These estimates are based on known, non-reporting facilities (in ROW) and an estimate for China based on information available from a number of analysts, data sources and contemporary evidence.
The IAI Statistical System is designed to meet the requirement that, in general, individual company data be included only within appropriately aggregated totals by declared geographical areas and not be reported separately. The declared geographical areas and the primary aluminium producing countries which fall in those areas are as follows:
- Africa: Cameroon, Egypt (12/1975-Present), Ghana, Mozambique (7/2000-Present), Nigeria (10/1997-Present), South Africa
- Asia (ex China): Azerbaijan*, Bahrain (1/1973-12/2009),
India, Indonesia* (1/1973-12/1978), Indonesia (1/1979-Present), Iran (1/1973-6/1987), Iran*, Iran* (7/1987-12/1991), Iran (1/1992-12/1996), Japan, Kazakhstan (10/2007-Present), Malaysia*, North Korea*,
Oman (6/2008-12/2009), Qatar (11/2009-12/2009), South Korea (1/1973-12/1992), Tadzhikistan* (1/1973-12/1996), Tadzhikistan (1/1997-Present), Taiwan (1/1973-4/1982), Turkey* (1/1975-2/1976), Turkey (3/1976-Present), United Arab Emirates (11/1979-12/2009)
- China: China (01/1999-present)
- Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): Bahrain (1/2010-Present), Oman (1/2010-Present), Qatar (1/2010-Present), Saudi Arabia (1/2013), United Arab Emirates (1/2010-Present)
- North America: Canada, United States of America
- South America: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico (1/1973-12/2003), Suriname (1/1973-7/2001), Venezuela
- West Europe:
Austria (1/1973-10/1992), France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy,
Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland (1/1973-4/2006), United
- East & Central Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina* (1/1981-Present), Croatia*, German Democratic
Republic* (1/1973-8/1990), Hungary* (1/1973-6/1991), Hungary
(7/1991-1/2006), Hungary (7/1991-1/2006), Montenegro (6/2006-Present),
Poland*, Romania*, Russian Federation* (1/1973-8/1994), Russian
Federation (9/1994-Present), Serbia and Montenegro* (1/1973-12/1996),
Serbia and Montenegro (1/1997-5/2006), Slovakia* (1/1975-12/1995),
Slovakia (1/1996-Present), Slovenia* (1/1973-12/1995), Slovenia
(1/1996-Present), Ukraine* (1/1973-12/1995), Ukraine (1/1996-Present)
- Oceania: Australia, New Zealand
An asterisk indicates that primary aluminium production data were not reported to the IAI by the company or companies producing
primary aluminium solely within that country; these constitute
"Estimated Unreported", where data is available. Dates given against a country indicate that data were reported or not reported, as appropriate, for the limited period shown.
The IAI considers the figures shown to be reliable, but they may be subject to revision.